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Bernard TOURNERIE, Maitre de Conferences, Dr. HDR,

Conception des garnitures mécaniques d'étanchéité: adaptation des modèles.

Design of Mechanical Face Seals: Adapting Theoretical Models.


Le fonctionnement des garnitures met en jeu plusieurs phénomènes interdépendants et le domaine de leurs applications est trés étendu. En pratique  il n'est pas nécessaire de prendre en compte tous les phénomènes pour chaque application, certains sont prépondérants, d'autres sont négligeables. Une revue des principaux phénomènes (lubrification, comportement dynamique, comportement thermique, ...etc.), et la présentation des différents niveaux de modèlisation et critères de pertinence de ceux-ci seront exposés. Au final quelques modèles constituant des outils d'aide à la conception des garnitures, et les résultats obtenus seront présentés.  

Michel FILLON  , Dr., HDR, Directeur de Recherche CNRS

Laboratoire de Mecanique des Solides - Universite de Poitiers

Les performances THD des paliers hydodynamiques usés

THD Performance of Worn Hydrodynamic Bearings


Hydrodynamic journal bearings are widely used in industry because of their simplicity, efficiency and low cost. They support rotating shafts over a number of years and are often subjected to many stops and starts. During these transient periods, friction is high and the bushes become progressively worn, thus inducing certain disabilities. In this work, we present the thermohydrodynamic performance of a worn plain journal bearing. The study deals with a 100 mm diameter bearing, submitted to a static load varying from 5,000 to 30,000 N with a rotational speed varying from 1,000 to 10,000 rpm. The defects caused by wear are centered on the load line and range from 10% to 50% of the bearing radial clearance. Our main focus was on hydrodynamic pressure, temperature distributions at the film/bush interface, oil flow rate, power losses and film thickness. Defects caused by wear of up to 20% have little influence on bearing performance whereas above this value (30 to 50%) they can display an interesting advantage: a significant fall in temperatures, due to the tendency of the bearing to go into the footprint created by the wear. Thus, the worn bearing presents not only some disadvantages but also advantages, such as lower temperature, since in certain cases of significant defects due to wear the geometry approaches that of a lobe bearing.